In 1773, the Austrian politician Clemens Wenzel von Metternich is born. He is the author of the infamous absolutist regime that oppressed the national and liberation movements in Europe.
In 1643 Louis XIV becomes King of France. In 1686 physicist Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit is born. He is the inventor of the first truly reliable thermometer.
In 1717 in Vienna, Maria Theresa is born.
In1820, the English nurse Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing, the pioneer of hygiene and sanitation work, is born.
In 482 the Byzantine emperor Justinian is born, who during his reign tried to restore the Roman Empire. He had the famous church Hagia Sofia in Istanbul built.
In 1497 the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci set off on his first voyage to America. In 1876 the Slovenian writer Ivan Cankar is born. He is considered Slovenia's greatest writer.
In 1502 from a Spanish port Christopher Columbus sets sail on his final journey to the New World. Columbus was convinced that he had discovered the sea route to India.
In 1828 the founder of the international humanitarian organization Red Cross, Henry Dunant is born. Today is World Red Cross Day. In 1877 in New York the first exhibition of dogs opens.
In 1825 in Vienna the Italian composer Antonio Salieri dies. He was a contemporary of Mozart and a teacher of Beethoven, Schubert and Liszt.
In 1758 one of the most important leaders of the French Revolution Francois Isidore de Robespierre is born. In 1856 psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, is born.