In 1452 the Italian painter and sculptor Leonardo da Vinci is born. His best known work is his painting Mona Lisa.
In 1759 the German Baroque composer George Frideric Handel dies. In 1818 the largest part of Postojna cave's interior was discovered by the local cave lamplighter Luka Čeč.
In 1605 Russian Czar Boris Godunov dies. He ruled from 1598 to 1605. His successor is Ivan IV Vasilyevich, known in English as Ivan the Terrible.
In 1869 the Slovene artist Rihard Jakopič is born. In 1933 famous Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballe is born. In 1956 on the island of Cuba actor Andy Garcia is born.
In 1744 Slovenian writer and translator Jurij Japelj is born. He translated the Holy Bible into English. In 1755 British doctor James Parkinson is born. He first described Parkinson's disease.
In 1847 the American-Hungarian newspaper publisher, Joseph Pulitzer is born.
In 1821 the French poet Charles Baudelaire is born in Paris. His best known collection of poems is The Flowers of Evil.
In 1692 in Piran, Italian composer and violinist Giuseppe Tartini is born. In addition to his work as a composer he was also a music theorist. In 1818 German scientist August Wilhelm Hofmann is born.
In 1348 the first University in Europe is established in Prague. In 1795 the 'metre' became a new official measurement unit. In 1827 English chemist John Walker invented wooden matches.
In 885 St. Method, brother of St. Cyril, dies. Together they invented the Glagolithic alphabet. In 648 BC the old Greeks first describe a solar eclipse.