Photo: EPA Foto:
Photo: EPA Foto:

In 1864, at a large rally in London the First International is established on the initiative of French and British workers. It was led by Karl Marx.

In 1891, the American writer Herman Melville, author of the novel Moby Dick, dies. In most of his works Melville describes his adventures while travelling through the South Seas.

In 1895, the French scientist Louis Pasteur, who discovered that fermentation is a biological process, caused by fungi. He introduced the preservation of milk by heating it to a temperature of 60 to 80 degrees Celsius. This procedure is called pasteurization after him. He also discovered the vaccine against rabies and cholera.

In 1924, the Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni was born.

In 1934, the French actress Brigitte Bardot is born.

In 1956, the American aircraft designer and industrialist William Edward Boeing dies.

MUSIC HISTORY

1968 - 45 years have passed since the The Beatles gave the world ‘Hey Jude'. In 1968, on this day it took the top spot on the American singles chart, and remained there for nine weeks. The song was written by Paul McCartney, it was meant for Lennon's son Julian.

1980 - The Police are No. 1 on the UK singles chart with 'Don't Stand So Close To Me'.

1991 - American jazz trumpeter and composer Miles Davis dies. His album 'Kind of Blue' significantly influenced the development of jazz music.

1991 - Guns N' Roses released albums 'Use Your Illusion I' and 'Use Your Illusion II' which are at number 1 and number 2 on the UK album chart.

BORN ON THIS DAY

1902 - Ed Sullivan, TV host who introduced The Beatles and many others to America via his Ed Sullivan TV show.

1938 - Singer Ben E King. His 'Stand By Me' first came out in 1961, and then for a second time in 1987, when in Britain it took the top spot on the singles chart as the title song of the film of the same name.

1943 - Nick Nicholas, member of the group Steppenwolf ('Born To Be Wild').

1946 - British singer Helen Shapiro ('Walking Back To Happiness').

1960 - singer Jennifer Rush (1985 'The Power Of Love').

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NA DANAŠNJI DAN

Leta 1831 se je rodil slovenski pisatelj Fran Levstik. S svojimi deli Popotovanje od Litije do Čateža, Napake slovenskega pisanja in povestjo Martin Krpan, je postavil temelje za razvoj slovenskega pripovedništva.

Leta 1864 je bila na pobudo francoskih in britanskih delavcev na velikem mitingu v Londonu ustanovljena prva internacionala. Vodil jo je Karl Marx.

Leta 1891 je umrl ameriški pisatelj Herman Melville, avtor romana Moby Dick. Kdor ga je bral, je spoznal boj človeka z naravo. V večini svojih del je Melville opisoval svoja doživetja na potovanjih po Južnih morjih.

Leta 1895 je umrl francoski znanstvenik Louis Pasteur, ki je odkril, da je fermentacija biološki proces, ki nastane zaradi glivic. Uvedel je konzerviranje mleka s kratkotrajnim segrevanjem pri 60 do 80 stopinj Celzija. Ta postopek po njem imenujemo pasterizacija. Odkril je še cepivo proti steklini in koleri.

Leta 1910 se je rodil slovenski pisatelj Ciril Kosmač.

Leta 1924 se je rodil italijanski igralec Marcello Mastroianni.

Leta 1934 se je rodila francoska igralka .

Leta 1956 je umrl ameriški letalski konstruktor William Edward Boeing.

GLASBENA ZGODOVINA

1986 - The Beatles so svetu podarili 'Hey Jude', s katero so zasedli vrh ameriške lestvice singlov. Tam je Jude ostala 9 tednov. Pesem je napisal Paul McCartney, namenjena je bila Lennonovemu sinu Julianu.

1980 - The Police so na vrhu britanske lestvice z 'Don't Stand So Close To Me'.

1991 - umrl je ameriški jazz trobentač in skladatelj Miles Davis. Njegov album 'Kind of Blue' je občutno vplival na razvoj jazz glasbe.

1991 - Guns N' Roses izdajo albuma 'Use Your Illusion I' in 'Use Your Illusion II', ki zasedeta 1. in 2. mesto na britanski lestvici.

ROJENI NA DANAŠNJI DAN

1902 - Ed Sullivan, TV voditelj, ki je Ameriki predstavil The Beatles in mnoge druge preko luže, v svoji oddaji Ed Sullivan TV show.

1938 - pevec Ben E King. Njegova 'Stand By Me' je prvič izšla leta 1961, drugič pa leta 1987, ko je v Veliki Britanji zasedla vrh lestvice singlov, kot naslovna pesem istoimenskega filma.

1943 - Nick Nicholas, član skupine Steppenwolf ('Born To Be Wild').

1946 - britanska pevka Helen Shapiro ('Walking Back To Happiness').

1960 - pevka Jennifer Rush, (1985 'The Power Of Love').