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16. Oct 2017 at 13:46 Global On this day

18 October

In 1867, Americans officially take over Alaska, which they bought from the Russians for more than 7 million dollars.

In 1911, the French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test Alfred Binet dies. The first modern test of intelligence is called the Binet-Simon scale of intelligence, which was published in 1905. His original plan in the composition of the scale was to determine which pupils need help in learning. This was followed by a correction of the test and the one of 1916, known as the IQ test, is still used in determining IQ.

In 1922, the British media company BBC is founded.

In 1931, the American inventor Thomas Alva Edison dies. He became known for his important inventions in the field of telegraphy. Among Edison's many inventions are the phonograph, the predecessor of the gramophone, the megaphone and the storage battery. In 1956, tennis player Martina Navratilova is born.

In 1960, the Belgian actor Jean-Claude van Damme is born.

MUSIC HISTORY

1967- The Bee Gees are at the top of the British charts with the song 'Massachusetts'.

1969 - The Temptations are at No. 1 on the American singles chart with 'Can't Get Next To You'.

1979 - Buggles are at the No. 1 spot on the British singles chart with 'Video Killed The Radio Star'. Video was the first to be shown on MTV in North America.

1986 - Huey Lewis and the News are No. 1 on the American charts with their 'Fore!' album. On it is also 'Stuck with you'.

BORN ON THIS DAY

1926 - singer Chuck Berry ('Johnny B. Good').

1938 - Ronnie Bright, singer in the group The Coasters (1958 'Yakety Yak').

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NA DANAŠNJI DAN

Leta 1851 so v Londonu prvič objavili roman Moby Dick, Hermana Melvilla. Naslov je bil The Whale.

Leta 1867 so Američani za 7 milijonov dolarjev od Rusov kupili Aljasko.

Leta 1869 je umrl Simon Jenko, slovenski pesnik, ki je pisal domoljubne in čustvene pesmi. Najbolj znane so Adrijansko morje, Pri oknu, Zimski vecer, Mati in Lilije.

Leta 1911 je umrl francoski psiholog in izumitelj prvega uporabnega testa inteligentnosti Alfred Binet. Prvi moderen test inteligentnosti se v celoti imenuje Binet-Simonova lestvica inteligentnosti. Njegov prvoten načrt pri sestavi lestvice je bilo ugotavljanje, kateri učenci potrebujejo pomoč pri učenju. Sledilo je nekaj popravkov tega testa in tistega iz leta 1916 poznamo kot IQ-test in ga še vedno uporabljamo pri ugotavljanju IQ-ja.

Leta 1922 je bila ustanovljena britanska medijska družba BBC.

Leta 1931 je umrl ameriški izumitelj Thomas Alva Edison. Proslavil se je s pomembnimi izumi s področja telegrafije. Med Edisonovimi številnimi iznajdbami so fonograf, predhodnik gramofona, megafon in akumulator.

Leta 1956 se je rodila teniška igralka Martina Navratilova.

Leta 1960 se je rodil belgijski igralec Jean-Claude van Damme.

GLASBENA ZGODOVINA

1967- The Bee Gees so na vrhu britanske lestvice s pesmijo 'Massachusetts'.

1969 - The Temptations so na vrhu ameriške lestvice s pesmijo 'Can't Get Next To You'.

1979 - Buggles so na vrhu britanske lestvice s pesmijo 'Video Killed The Radio Star'. Video je bil prvi, ki so ga prikazali na MTV v severni Ameriki.

1986 - Huey Lewis and the News so na 1. mestu ameriške lestvice z albumom 'Fore!', na njem je tudi 'Stuck with you'.

ROJENI NA DANAŠNJI DAN

1926 - pevec Chuck Berry ('Johnny B. Good').

1938 - Ronnie Bright, pevec skupine The Coasters (1958 'Yakety Yak').

Vesna Danilovič Novak