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19. Nov 2017 at 02:15 Global On this day

21 November

Nostalgija
Photo: MMC

In 1694, the French philosopher, writer and historian Voltaire is born. He is considered the greatest representative of European Enlightenment. Among his poetical works is the renowned satirical poem The Maiden of Orleans, and among his dramas the tragedy Oedipus.

In 1783, the first hot-air balloon with a human crew takes to the air. The Brothers Montgolfier's balloon rose above Paris; the air was heated by burning wool and straw.

In 1877, Thomas Alva Edison announces the invention of the phonograph, as they called the predecessor of the gramophone.

In 1926, writer Zofka Kvedrova dies. As a fighter for women's social rights she holds a unique place in Slovenian literature.

In 1996, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed November 21 as World Television Day.

MUSIC HISTORY

1954 - Rosemary Clooney is at the top of the British singles chart with the song 'This Ole House.' In 1981 the song was rearranged by Shakin' Stevens and also reached the top of the charts.

1960 - Ray Charles has four singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart: Georgia on My Mind at 5, Ruby at 51, Hard Hearted Hannah at 66, and Come Rain Or Come Shine at 95.

1979 - Dr Hook are at No. 1 on the UK singles chart with 'When You're In Love With A Beautiful Woman'.

1981 - Olivia Newton John is No. 1 on the American singles chart with 'Physical'.

1987 - Billy Idol is at No. 1 on the US singles chart with his version of Tommy James 'Mony Mony'.

BORN ON THIS DAY

1965 - Bjork Gudmundsdottir, Icelandic singer (1995 'It's Oh So Quite').

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NA DANAŠNJI DAN

Leta 1694 se je rodil francoski filozof, pisatelj in zgodovinar Voltaire. Velja za največjega predstavnika evropskega razsvetljenstva. Med pesniškimi deli je najbolj znana satirična pesnitev Devica Orleanska, med dramami pa Edip.

Leta 1783 je poletel prvi balon na topli zrak s človeško posadko. Balon bratov Montgolfier se je dvignil nad Pariz, zrak so ogrevali s kurjenjem volne in slame.

Leta 1877 je Thomas Alva Edison objavil izum fonografa, ki je bil predhodnik gramofona.

Leta 1926 je umrla pisateljica Zofka Kvedrova, ki kot bojevnica za ženske socialne pravice zavzema prav posebno mesto v slovenski književnosti.

Leta 1996 so Združeni narodi današnji dan razglasili za Svetovni dan televizije.

GLASBENA ZGODOVINA

1954 - Rosemary Clooney je na vrhu britanske lestvice s pesmijo 'This Ole House'. Skladbo je leta 1981 priredil Shakin' Stevens in tudi pristal na vrhu lestvice.

1960 - Ray Charles ima štiri pesmi na lestvici Billboard Hot 100 chart: 'Georgia on My Mind' na 5., 'Ruby' na 51. , 'Hard Hearted Hannah' na 66. in 'Come Rain Or Come Shine' na 95.

1979 - zasedba Dr Hook je na vrhu britanske lestvice s pesmijo 'When You're In Love With A Beautiful Woman'.

1981 - Olivia Newton John je na vrhu ameriške lestvice singlov s 'Physical'.

1987 - Billy Idol je na vrhu ameriške lestvice s pesmijo ' Mony Mony'.

ROJENI NA DANAŠNJI DAN

1965 - Bjork Gudmundsdottir, islandska pevka (1995 'It's Oh So Quite')

Vesna Danilovič Novak